U.S. Geographic Mobility Demographics and Statistics

Geographic Mobility Demographics
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The American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates on the United States' population's geographic mobility each year. Mobility measures key components of migration patterns: how many people have moved to new homes in the past year, and from where, broken down further by demographics and other characteristics.  

Unlike the Census, which is an exact count of people and households every ten years, ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample. The ACS asks two questions about migration and geographic mobility. The population question asks about the household’s residence one year ago. The housing question asks for the year that the household moved into the housing unit.

How many Americans recently moved to new homes? 

And from how far away?

How old are these “geographically mobile” Americans?

Median Age of Newcomers from Out of State

Among Americans who recently moved across state lines, Florida's new residents were the oldest in 2018, with a median age of 37.3 years. Iowa's were the youngest, with a median age of 24.5 years. Recent movers tend to be significantly younger than long-time residents.

Note: Use the time-slider beneath the map to see data for other years. Hover over to a state to see its median age.

How much money do geographically mobile Americans make?

Median Income of Newcomers from Out of State

Among interstate movers in 2018, New Jersey's new residents had the highest median income, at $38,076. Wyoming's new residents had the lowest median income, at $17,244.

About the Data

Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates. The following tables are used:

Geographical Mobility: Table B07013, population 1 year and older.

Median Age trend & map: Table B07002, population 1 year and older.

Median Income trend and map: Table B07011, population 15 years and older with income.

This report uses the Census Bureau Data API but is not endorsed or certified by the Census Bureau.