Maternal and Child HealthUnited States
Improving the well-being of mothers, infants, and children is an important public health goal. Their well-being determines the health of the next generation and can help predict future public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system. This report examines the data on fertility, low birth weight births, and prenatal care in the United States.
Fertility in the United States
The fertility rate is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-44. The chart below shows the fertility rate over time in the United States. The next chart compares fertility trends by age range.
Low Birth Weights in the United States
Low birth weight births include any babies born weighing under 2,500 grams (5.5 pounds). Low birth weight is a valuable metric for tracking general maternal health, as well as healthcare delivery, nutrition, and poverty. New babies with low birth weight have over twenty times greater risk of dying than babies born over 2,500 grams, and low birth weight is associated with a number of long-term health and social issues as well.
Prenatal Care in the United States
The chart below shows the number of births in the United States whose mothers received prenatal care during their first trimester. Getting early and regular prenatal care improves the chances of a healthy pregnancy. Such care can help prevent complications and inform women about important steps they can take to protect their infant and ensure a healthy pregnancy.
About the Data
• Fertility and prenatal care data is from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Wonder: Natality database.
• Low birthweight data was calculated by LiveStories based on CDC Wonder data.