U.S. Median Household Income

Median Household Income
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Household income—not to be confused with an individual's income—is defined by the Census Bureau as the sum of income generated by all the people over 15 years old who occupy a housing unit, such as a house or an apartment. A family is a type of household. A person living alone in a housing unit is also a household. In addition, households may be composed of unrelated people living together, like partners or roommates. 

Every year, the Census Bureau contacts over 3.5 million households across the country to participate in the American Community Survey (ACS).

How has U.S. median household income changed over time?

How does median household income vary by state? 

In 2018, Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, at $83,242. West Virginia had the lowest: $44,097. 

Note: Hover over a state to see its median income. To view data from different years, use the time-slider beneath the charts.

How does household income vary by household size?

How does household income vary by the householder's age? 

A householder is a person in whose name a housing unit is owned, being bought, or rented. 

How does household income relate to home ownership?

Tenure refers to whether a housing unit is owner-occupied or renter-occupied.

About the Data

Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates. The following tables are used:

• Median Household Income by Household Size: Table B19019

• Median Household Income by Age of Householder: Table B19049

• Household Income by Tenure: Table B25119

This report uses the Census Bureau Data API but is not endorsed or certified by the Census Bureau.